Human trafficking in Moldova doubled between 2011 and 2015, according to a new report from the Council of Europe.
During the same period, the number of internal victims of trafficking trebled, the report from the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) confirms.
The report states: “According to official statistics, the number of identified victims of trafficking was 154 in 2011, 290 in 2012, 262 in 2013, 264 in 2014, and 310 in 2015.
“During the 2011-2015 period, 68% of the victims were female. Children represented 13% of the identified victims.
“Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation has remained the prevalent form of exploitation (45% of the identified victims in 2015), but the number of identified victims of THB (Trafficking In Human Beings) for the purpose of labour exploitation has been on the rise(44% of all identified victims in 2015, compared to 29% in 2011) and almost equalled that of victims of THB for sexual exploitation.
“Further, there has been an increase in the number of persons trafficked for the purpose of forced begging (9% in 2015).
“In 2014, the first four cases of THB for the purpose of forced criminality appeared in the official statistics.
“There were 30 victims of internal trafficking in 20 11, 25 in 2012, 34 in 2013, 33 in 2014, and 97 in 2015. Internal THB cases represented 17% of all cases in the period 2011-2015, mostly for the purpose of sexual exploitation.”
“The main countries of destination of people traffic ked from the Republic of Moldova have been the Russian Federation, Turkey, the northern part of Cyprus, and the United Arab Emirates.
“In 2014, the majority of the Moldovan victims (134) were trafficked to the Russian Federation. Certain EU countries (e.g. the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania and Spain) have emerged as countries of destination for Moldovan victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, following the visa regime liberalisation with the Schengen area in 2014.”