European Court of Human Rights
European Court of Human Rights

Judges to rule on concentration camp survivor’s human rights complaint

On 13 March, human rights judges will deliver their judgement in a complaint against Austria brought by a Holocaust survivor.

The applicant, Martha Raviv, is an Austrian and Israeli national who lives in Petah-Tikva (Israel). Born in Vienna in 1936 to Jewish parents, she survived a concentration camp and emigrated to Israel in 1948, where she worked as a lawyer.

In 2002, she applied to the Austrian pension authorities to make use of the possibility of paying retroactive social security contributions at preferential rates and, consequently, to be entitled to an old-age-pension under the General Social Security Act.

Relying on Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination) and Article 1 of Protocol No. 1 (protection of property) of the European Convention on Human Rights, she complains that the relevant provisions of the General Social Security Act, which did not treat periods of child-raising spent abroad on the same footing as such periods spent in Austria, discriminated against her.

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